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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 30, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news america."
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>> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. on the cusp of historic elections in burma, could aung san suu kyi cd in member parliament -- soon be a member of parliament? cutting to the court, spain becomes the latest country to roll out a budget was severe cuts sparking massive protests. have you ever dreamt of walking into the great halls of hog warts? harry potter fans will have their chance and we will show you how. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. just two years, burmese opposition leader aung san suu
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kyi was under house arrest and banned from taking part in any political activity. now, she is standing in parliamentary elections and looks set to win her seat. she is critical of the election process in burma, saying that the campaigns have not been free or fair. these are a test of the commitment for political reform of the new government, which is led by a civilian that is backed by the government. >> across this city, people have sensed something out of the ordinary. there is an energy not felt in decades. never mind that just over 400 parliamentary seats on offer. many see this as the first have to rule in burma. soldiers once ordered to shoot
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at pro-democracy crowds, seemed bemused as they rolled by. the movement's leader was reminding the world of what led to this moment. >> that moment when you saw people vote, what did that mean to you? >> i would have to wait to find out. i've never seen people vote in a free election in burma. >> this was the first public appearance since last week. a question about her health was met with humor. >> i have not been well lately, any tough questions and i shall sink straight away. [laughter] >> the hope is that after this, it would be impossible to return to the dark days of dictatorship. two hours south of rangoon, the record was being defended.
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this candidate is standing for the military-backed party against aung san suu kyi. his audience is polite but far from enthusiastic. >> this is very easy. >> why is the government risking reform? a large part of the answer is in places like. they have missed out on the economic growth. they hope that the reforms will and sanctions, spur investment. frustration over missed chances run deep. the two children that this man supports, he tehran is just over a pound a day. >> life is not going well for me and i have to struggle for my family. -- he is earning at just over a pound a day.
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>> they are inviting caution. the campaign is entering its most exuberant hours. >> for more on this weekend's election, i spoke a brief time ago to the foreign correspondent to the independent newspaper and the author of "the lady and the peacock, the life of aung san suu kyi." aung san suu kyi talks about a the irregularities that go beyond what is acceptable. only around 10%, 11% of the seats in parliament are up for grabs in the parliament. is this really a new start for burma? >> i think that it is a very important moment. clearly, it will not change the shape of the government. this is the first opportunity for her party to show its possible strength in an electoral test. this is a very first opportunity
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for her to stand as a candidate. it is an absolutely crucial test for her stature and the stature of her party. >> even if they win all of the seats, they will not have power. they will have a minority role in government. should we be looking at a turn out? >> well, yes. i think the turnout will be important. there are monitors from the evo and the u.s. -- from the eu and the eu and from asean. i would expect that turn out to be high. there is a last big test for the reform process because the next general elections are in 2015. >> how significant can aung san suu kyi having a voice in parliament be?
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>> what happens beyond this election is anyone's guess. it is almost unthinkable that she will not win if it is remotely fair. she will get in because her supporters are overwhelming. she has been met by massive crowds everywhere. she is almost certain to win. what she does with that remains to be seen. there is talk of hurt being offered a cabinet seat of some sort. maybe if that was something she would want to take. in one statement, she said she was not interested. again, we are in the realm of speculation. >> this is extraordinary that we are talking about aung san suu kyi possibly being in the cabinet. two years ago, that would have been unthinkable. >> that's right. i have been reading a set of essays that were published in 2010 in which none of them
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predicted anything of this sort. this came out of the clear blue sky. this is great news for burma that we are talking about it but it is extremely unexpected. >> thank you so much for joining us. now, soaring budget deficits, skyrocketing unemployment, deep spending cuts to tackle the problem. you can take your pick of european countries to fit that description and today saying stopped into the spotlight. they cut about 3% of gdp in the budget. this was pre-empted by angry public protests which is something we have seen increase as well. how long can euros on countries go on with one country following the same pattern? we are joined by the european center for strategic and international studies. thank you for coming in to talk to us. you have governments risking default, making massive cuts to
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satisfy europe. then, don't you risks stifling any recovery? >> this is about the missing economic growth. we see these really deep cuts and structural reforms that are so important to returning the spanish economy, the periphery economy to greater competitiveness. the problem is that the more they cut, higher unemployment, lower growth, and they just cannot keep going through this. they are digging a hole that is deeper and deeper and in some ways they are fulfilling a prophecy that they will have to receive bailout funds. "spain has announced their budget. this is a country with one in four unemployed. this will mean higher living costs. the government department budgets will be cut. there will be wage freezes. where is the consumer confidence going to come that is going to get people spending and get the bank's lending? >> there is very little to be confident about.
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you are right to mention the banks. the two issues that we have to keep our eye on in addition to these very dramatic cuts and what they mean to consumer confidence, the health of the spanish banks. we have seen them undergo a major recapitalization effort. will it be enough? the housing crisis is only beginning its decline. there is also a regional debt. there is a question of how much madrid can take out of the regional debt that has been amassed over the last several years. these are big questions and we don't have good answers on how the government will solve them. >> it is also a big economy compared to greece, ireland, and portugal. >> absolutely. this gets us back to the question of the fire wall. can europe build a credible firewall if spain will need any bailout fund? quite simply, spain in particular, it overshadows what
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europe is prepared to provide as far as more firepower. >> eurozone countries have announced an increase in the fire wall fund to 800 billion euros. is that enough to restore american and chinese and imf confidence in europe? >> some of this was to try to get the imf to talk of the fire wall. the question is will these numbers be enough? one official says, maybe we should talk about it in dollars. it tells you that we are trying to stretch these numbers. with imf help, there come some other conditions. we are hearing from the emerging economies that they would like a return of potential support to the imf for europe. maybe some changes in quotas for european voting on international financial institutions. this story line is not over. portugal, keep your eye on them. they are struggling as well. we will see if these deficit
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reduction targets will be met. the good news is that spain has done a lot of international borrowing this year. italy has farther to go. >> we will have to leave it there. thank you very much for coming in. >> thank you. >> now, to france, where police have arrested 19 people in raids against suspected islamist militants. most were in to lose or last week, an algerian man who claimed to have been trained by al qaeda, shot dead seven people before being cornered by police and killed in a standoff. president sarkozy says that more operations are planned. >> police commandos stormed a number of addresses in the early hours of the morning, acting on information from the domestic intelligence agency. the announced the arrest of an extremist group crossed the leader of an extremist --
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they announced the arrest of an extremist group leader, with connections to mohamed merah. president sarkozy warned that the operations will continue to guarantee public security. >> the trauma of what happened in to lose is profoundly disabling. -- the trauma of what happened in toulouse is extremely unsettling. >> france's in the final weeks of a presidential campaign. security and the fight against islamic extremism is at the top of the agenda. in the past couple of days, the president's approval rating has shown a slight improvement. there is a very active investigation into the crimes
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of mohamed merah. president sarkozy knows that tough talking on law and order goes down well with a section of the french government. >> he is a man who plays his cards. he tried to fix the economy, it did not work. now he is focusing on this and why not. we had terrible events taking place on the streets. >> the body of the gunman, mohamed merah, was released by police yesterday and was supposed to be flown to algeria but at the last moment, the algerian government decided not to take it. he was buried with it very little family and friends in toulouse. they're looking for a suspect might have been with merah and his brother when they stole the high powered scooter use of the
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shootings. >> president barack obama is pushing ahead with new sanctions against iran. mr. obama said that there are enough supplies on world markets to stop buying from iran. the move will target foreign banks that continue to purchase crude from iran to the u.s. hopes it will pressure tehran to abandon its nuclear program. the leader of the coup in mali has called for outside help to resist a rebellion in the north of the country. the islamist-backed insurgents have taken one strategic town and are threatening timbuktu. the nea has been given three days to restore order or face sanctions. -- the mutiny has been given three days. the center for disease control
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estimates one child in 88 in the u.s. has autism or a related disorder. what accounts for this rise and where are we on treatment methods? for answers, let's talk to the president of autism speaks who joins us from new york. thank you for joining us. where did these figures come from? this is an incredible rise? >> this is an incredible rise. the real answer is that we don't know. what we do know is that one in 80 children died nose with autism today, that is doubling what has happened over the past 10 years. we have a tripling of the cost for families. for a family that has a job with autism, they could spend $2.3 million a year, a tremendous burden. what we have is an odd is an epidemic. at autism speaks, where we find science and efficacy, we have increased awareness 43%, we have raised millions of dollars for
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research. this is not enough. there is some much more demand. one in 88 children being diagnosed with autism. the supply to meet that is not there. there is a focus that could put a big dent in this epidemic and there is leadership and partnerships that can really make a difference. >> there is a big question about where this rise comes from. is that a detection? is that a 43% increase, people are more aware and they get diagnosed or is this an actual increase? >> this is an actual increase. there's better diagnosis, more awareness, that is 50 percent of it. the other is that we don't know. here comes the focus. the collective focus on more signs, particularly signs around the environmental process. with autism, it was a genetic predisposition but there are environmental figures. we need more focus on
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environmental science. we know that we can diagnose all children with autism by 18 months of age. we can't diagnose all the children. to the third part is the very first children that the cdc study, back in 1992. those kids are now 20 years old. -- we can diagnose all of the children. we have ongoing education, housing, employment. many people with autism, they can work. they can be a help and be very productive in society. >> i wanted to get on to the brief point about where we are in terms of treating this? >> we can diagnose early, we can do early interventions that will improve outcomes. we're also looking at the pharmaceutical firms' delivery medicines that can improve communications, socialization. i also have to say that it is
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ironic that we have these numbers. we will be celebrating the accomplishments of people with autism at the u.n., at 120 countries around the globe. >> thank you very much. >> pleasure. >> you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come -- 100 years after the titanic's tragic journey, the history is breathing new life into belfast. it has been nearly 80 years since prohibition ended in america, nevertheless there are still places that enforce a no alcohol policy. in those so-called dry counties, debate is fierce about whether the ban should be overturned. >> i would tell you why now, i would rather be a christian then
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be the most wealthy drug to the u.s.-- drunk in the u.s. >> in the south, the sale of alcohol is forbidden in many counties. the southern baptist church is fighting to keep it this way. what the bible tells us that we shall not be drug -- >> the bible tells us that we should not be drunk. this not a political issue but a moral issue. >> for many, it is an economic issue. many people feel that this area is dying and they feel that alcohol could help. >> this is the worst we have seen since the great depression. we believe this would create about 70-100 jobs. in a community this small, that is the huge numbers. >> the tide of alcohol is
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lapping at its door as one by one, their neighbors a dog to go wet. >> it is not stop me, i go across state lines. -- one by one, their neighbors go wet. >> ceqa punish everyone for what a few people do. -- you cannot punish everyone for what a few people do. >> the townspeople voted to let it into the fight moves on to other towns across the south. prohibition has not been beaten in the south vieyet. >> just over 100 years ago, the titanic was lost from belfast with great fanfare. -- was launched from belfast with great fanfare. there are hopes that the iconic ship will attract tourists to
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the area. >> it is the start of a new era and belfast tourism and it is being built on a titanic foundations. life on board of the famous ship has been recruited in the finest details. the new visitor centers shows how the ship launched on this very spot 100 years ago. a century later, this belfast stock has been transformed. it has created huge excitement in the city. >> this is the biggest tourism project for northern ireland. it is fantastic. look at the scale of it and we are open for business. >> this is a place that used to be known more for terrorism and tourism but all that is changing. a new visitor center is opening.
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-- this is a place that used to be known more for terrorism and hand pulls them-- than tourism. the hope is that some of these people will visit the titanic attraction. >> this is our chance to change. we did have our conflict but this is our opportunity to create a new opportunity for belfast. this is set to become our eiffel tower. >> this is not just a visitor attraction, there is a replica of the titanic staircase. for some people come up there will always be a romantic side to the titanic story, so this room is being made available for a wedding receptions. couples have already booked. >> as well as reminders of the big screen love story, there is the reality of the tragedy. this was the last picture of
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titanic taken before she sank. there is an international fascination with what happened. already, the new visitor attraction has sold 100,000 tickets. it has not even opened yet. >> from history to a modern-day blockbuster, the harry potter franchise has hooked millions and made billions but now you can actually take a walk around the great hall at hogwarts. one of brothers is opening the harry potter is studios in england for the first time. brothers isrner opening the harry potter studios. >> millions have watched these movies. for years, the only people who got to experience the sets and props for those that were
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involved. they are pleased that that is all changing. >> now, people get a chance to experience them like for real and really see how much work goes into this. it is a great opportunity to showcase the great people that don't usually get mentioned. >> the facebook to try out the door, these fans were given an early access. -- the first people to try out the tour, these fans were given an early access. >> the amount of effort and time that you can put into places like this. it is worth going to see. >> it is a victory. there was an option of buying merchandise which varies in
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price. you can spend a fortune, but there are cheaper things. >> for the studio, the potential benefits are huge but not without risk. >> i think that the advantages that you are making the harry potter world physical. the danger is that people feel that it pushes it one step too far and they are having to pay too much for it. >> it was fan passion that first powered harry potter and will determine how successful this tour will be. quest hundred up new ways to make money from the harry potter -- >> conjuring up new ways to make money from the harry potter franchise. have a great weekend and we will see you later.
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